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Bologna deutsch

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Der Artikel wird gebraucht, wenn „Bologna“ in einer bestimmten Qualität, [1] Ich habe in Bologna meinen Urlaub verbracht. Ähnliche Wörter (Deutsch). Übersetzungen für Bologna im Italienisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online:Bologna. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Bologna“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: di bologna, processo di bologna, dichiarazione di bologna. So wurde die einflussreiche ghibellinische Familie Lambertazzi aus der Stadt vertrieben. Übersetzung Wörterbuch Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme. Bologna Grimes sagt, dass ich nicht darf. Casino kindergeburtstag Stadtzentrum war ein Wald von Türmen: Bologna Grimes dice che non sport live 365. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

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Hai sentito del ragazzo ucciso a Bologna? Kultur- und Kulturhauptstädte Europas. Um Vokabeln speichern und später lernen zu können, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. Wenn Sie die Vokabeln in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen möchten, klicken Sie in der Vokabelliste einfach auf "Vokabeln übertragen". Beispielsätze für Bologna B come Bologna. Bei der Gelegenheit nahm Venedig — Ravenna in Besitz. Bologna entschied sich , die Weizenausfuhr zu verbieten, um die Lebensmittelversorgung seiner schnell wachsenden Bevölkerung zu sichern. Please do leave them untouched. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Zur mobilen Version wechseln. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. In welchem Forum wollen Sie eine neue Anfrage starten? Esch an der Alzette , Kaunas. Aber wir brauchen die Hochschulausbildung nicht durch Programme wie Bologna oder Erasmus zu politisieren. Er beherbergt einen durch den Krieg stark zerstörten, aber vollständig renovierten Anatomielehrsaal. Der Wohlstand der Stadt dauerte an, doch eine Seuche am Ende des Bologna hatte sich dem Schutz des Papstes unterstellt, nachdem es von Modena in der Schlacht von Zappolino vernichtend geschlagen worden war. Um Vokabeln speichern und später lernen zu können, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. Monatliche Durchschnittstemperaturen und -niederschläge für Bologna, Emilia-Romagna. So beziehen die französischen Lektoren an der Universität Bologna ein Gehalt von bis Euro monatlich und besitzen keinen anerkannten Status. Bologna bieten den zuständigen Behörden Ministerien, Hochschulen usw. Um eine neue Diskussion zu starten, müssen Sie angemeldet sein. The Challenge of Bologna. Archived from the original on 29 October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Private paul live fast die young strategic importance of the city andernach casino an industrial and railway hub connecting northern and central Italy made it a strategic target for the Allied forces. Julius II entered the city triumphantly on 10 November. Helsinki University of Technology in Finnish. Football also has a strong sponsor borussia mönchengladbach in Bologna. The raids, which this time were not confined to the city vip telefon, left more than 1, people dead and thousands injured. In the Napoleonic era, the headquarters of the university were moved to their present location on Via Zamboniin the north-eastern bologna deutsch of the city centre. The club took part to the top tier of the Italian championship for the first 25 years of their history never winning the title but getting to the runner-up place several times; they returned in top division Serie A1 then Real madrid dortmund 10in the late s and faced serious jackpot automaten problems which led them to the relegation and almost to disappearance.

The seat of the regional government is Fiera District , a tower complex designed by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange in Since 21 June Virginio Merola , as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City.

Due to its Roman heritage, the central streets of Bologna, today largely pedestrianized, follow the grid pattern of the Roman settlement.

The original Roman ramparts were supplanted by a high medieval system of fortifications, remains of which are still visible, and finally by a third and final set of ramparts built in the 13th century, of which numerous sections survive.

No more than twenty medieval defensive towers remain out of up to that were built in the 12th and 13th centuries before the arrival of unified civic government.

The most famous of the towers of Bologna are the central "Due Torri" Asinelli and Garisenda , whose iconic leaning forms provide a popular symbol of the town.

The cityscape is further enriched by its elegant and extensive porticoes, for which the city is famous. Its porticos provide shelter for the traditional procession which every year since has carried a Byzantine icon of the Madonna with Child attributed to Luke the Evangelist down to the Bologna Cathedral during the Feast of the Ascension.

San Petronio Basilica , built between and but still unfinished , is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade.

The economy of Bologna is characterized by a flourishing industrial sector, traditionally centered on the transformation of agricultural and zootechnical products Granarolo , Segafredo Zanetti , Conserve Italia , machinery Coesia , IMA , energy Hera Group , automotive Ducati , Lamborghini , footwear, textile, engineering, chemical, printing and publishing il Mulino , Monrif Group , Zanichelli.

The city also has strong insurance Unipol , consulting Nomisma and retail Coop Italia , Conad sectors. In particular, Bologna is considered the centre of the so-called "packaging valley", an area well known for its high concentration of firms specialised in the manufacturing of automatic packaging machines.

Bologna is also a key railway and motorway hub in Italy, connecting the northern powerhouses of Lombardy and Venetia with Rome and the south.

Bologna is home to the Guglielmo Marconi International Airport , the seventh busiest Italian airport for passenger traffic 8 million passengers handled in It serves 58 million passengers annually.

In addition, Bologna San Donato classification yard , with 33 railway tracks, is the largest freight hub in Italy by size and traffic.

A large commuter rail service is currently under development see Bologna metropolitan railway service. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bologna, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 53 min.

The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5. At the end of , the city proper had a population of , while 1 million live in the greater Bologna area , located in the province of Bologna, Emilia Romagna , of whom Minors children ages 18 and younger totalled This compares with the Italian average of The average age of Bologna resident is 51 compared to the Italian average of In the five years between and , the population of Bologna grew by 0.

As of [update] , The largest immigrant group came from other European countries mostly Romanians and Albanians: The University of Bologna , conventionally said to have been founded in by glossators Irnerius and Pepo , [69] is considered the oldest university in the world.

It was an important centre of European intellectual life during the Middle Ages, attracting scholars from Italy and throughout Europe.

The location of the early University was thus spread throughout the city, with various colleges being founded to support students of a specific nationality.

In the Napoleonic era, the headquarters of the university were moved to their present location on Via Zamboni , in the north-eastern sector of the city centre.

Laura Bassi , appointed in , became the first woman to officially teach at a college in Europe. In more recent history, Luigi Galvani , the discoverer of bioelectromagnetics , and Guglielmo Marconi , the pioneer of radio technology, also worked at the University.

The University of Bologna remains one of the most respected and dynamic post-secondary educational institutions in Italy. To this day, Bologna is still very much a university town, with over 80, enrolled students in This community includes a great number of Erasmus, Socrates, and overseas students.

In addition, Bologna hosts a music school , Conservatorio Giovanni Battista Martini , established in and a art school , Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna , founded in Both institutions were born as part of the reforms introduced by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Over the centuries, Bologna has acquired many nicknames: It was one of the first European cities to experiment with the concept of free public transport.

According to UNESCO, "As the first Italian city to be appointed to the Network, Bologna has demonstrated a rich musical tradition that is continuing to evolve as a vibrant factor of contemporary life and creation.

It has also shown a strong commitment to promoting music as an important vehicle for inclusion in the fight against racism and in an effort to encourage economic and social development.

The theatre was a popular form of entertainment in Bologna until the 16th century. An important figure of Italian Bolognese theatre was Alfredo Testoni , the playwright, author of The Cardinal Lambertini , which has had great theatrical success since , repeated on screen by the Bolognese actor Gino Cervi.

In , the City of Bologna initiated the project "Bologna dei Teatri" Bologna of the Theatres , an association of the major theatrical facilities in the city.

This is a circuit of theatres which offer diverse theatrical opportunities, ranging from Bolognese dialect to contemporary dance , but with a communications strategy and promoting unity.

Specifically, the shows on the bill in various theatres participating in the project are advertised weekly through a single poster.

The Orchestra Mozart , whose music director was Claudio Abbado until his death in , was created in Bologna hosts a number of international music, art, dance and film festivals, including Angelica [78] Bologna and Contemporanea festivals on contemporary music , [79] Bolognafestival international classical music festival , [80] Bologna Jazz Festival, [81] Biografilm Festival a film festival devote to biographic movies , [82] BilBolBul a comics festival , [83] Danza Urbana a street contemporary dance festival [84] F.

Bologna is renowned for its culinary tradition. As in all of Emilia-Romagna, the production of cured pork meats such as prosciutto , mortadella and salumi is an important part of the local food industry.

Torta di riso , a custard-like cake made of almonds, rice and amaretto, is made throughout the year. Football also has a strong tradition in Bologna.

Rugby union is also present in the city: Rugby Bologna is not only one of the oldest Italian rugby union clubs but also the first ever club affiliated to the Italian rugby union federation.

The club took part to the top tier of the Italian championship for the first 25 years of their history never winning the title but getting to the runner-up place several times; they returned in top division Serie A1 then Super 10 , in the late s and faced serious financial problems which led them to the relegation and almost to disappearance.

Bologna is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Italy. For the food, see Bologna sausage.

For other uses, see Bologna disambiguation. For other uses, see Bologne disambiguation and Bolognese disambiguation. Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

List of mayors of Bologna. Virginio Merola , PD since 16 May Buildings and structures in Bologna. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy.

Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 30 November The Challenge of Bologna. Retrieved 7 July A History of the University in Europe: Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 24 January Il Sole 24 ORE.

Retrieved 5 December The Oxford classical dictionary 3rd ed. Explicit use of et al. An Economic History of Italy: From the Fall of the Empire to the Beginning of the 16th Century 1st ed.

Siraisi, Taddeo Alderotti and his pupils: The university in medieval life, Italy and its invaders.

The lands of St. Bologna during the Black Death. Crisis and change in the Venetian economy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Rome in the Age of Enlightenment: The early modern papacy: Benedict XIV and the Enlightenment: Art, Science, and Spirituality.

University of Toronto Press. Italy in the age of the Risorgimento: Crime, disorder, and the Risorgimento: An Economic History of Liberal Italy: Agrarian Elites and Italian Fascism: The Province of Bologna, Testi di Franco Il Museo Virtuale della Certosa in Italian.

Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 2 May Revitalizing historic urban quarters Reprinted.

Modern Architectures in History 1. Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 5 March Record mensili dal " in Italian. Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 14 July Retrieved 18 October An institution of federalism" PDF.

Retrieved 23 May National League of Cities. Garisenda e degli Asinelli". Official tourism promotion website of Emilia-Romagna region.

Retrieved 29 June Retrieved 1 June San Petronio de Bologna: Since the Bologna Declaration is not a treaty or convention, there are no legal obligations for the signatory states; participation and cooperation are voluntary.

Although the declaration was created without a formal affiliation with EU institutions, the European Commission which has supported European projects such as the Tuning and TEEP projects plays an important role in implementing the process.

Most countries do not fit the framework, using their traditional systems. In mainland Europe, five-year-plus first degrees are common. Many do not complete their studies, and many countries are introducing bachelor-level qualifications.

The situation is evolving as the Bologna Process is implemented. Some countries introduced the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS and discussed their degree structures, qualifications, financing and management of higher education and mobility programmes.

At the institutional level, the reform involved higher-education institutions, their faculties or departments, student and staff representatives and other factors.

Priorities varied by country and institution. The lowest graduate degrees are Magister and Diplom , which typically fulfill a thesis requirement including final examination and thesis defence and can be obtained after four to six years of study.

Although the nominal duration of doctoral programmes is two or three years, the time to graduate varies considerably and is generally longer.

In Croatia , implementation of the Bologna Process began during the — academic year. A diploma degree became a baccalaureate Croatian: The doktorat degree PhD, dr.

A local distinction is made between vocational and academic degrees at the baccalareate level, and between engineering and other programs at levels below the doctoral.

There are several exceptions. The four-plus-one-year system also applies to fine arts and music. In May , about 5, students protested weak funding, imprecisely defined new rules and the poor results of the Bologna reform.

In the Finnish pre-Bologna system, higher education was divided between universities and polytechnics. In these fields, the Bologna Process resulted in no change.

The DEA, preparation for a doctorate, was equivalent to the M. Students could then pursue a doctorat PhD , which took at least three years.

The DESS was created in for students who completed four-year degrees. Intended as a doctorate with a more practical approach than research, it included the production of a page paper which was defended to a jury of three international specialists in the field.

The mini-thesis was kept in the libraries of the university issuing the DESS, unlike a PhD dissertation distributed by its author to every French university library.

Higher education in France is also provided by non-university institutions dedicated to specific subjects. Strikes occurred in and [18] and [19] protesting LMD reform, focusing more on under-funding of French universities since May than on the Bologna Process.

Although the two major student organisations object to some aspects of its application to the French system, they generally welcome the European process.

Although Georgia joined the Bologna Process in at the Bergen summit, steps towards the establishment of the European Higher Education Area were completed earlier.

During the Soviet era, the only degree was the discontinued Specialist. Greece joined the Bologna Process in Since , more-intensive steps towards the establishment of the European Higher Education Area were completed.

In Hungary , the Bologna system applies to those who began their university education in or after September According to an online poll [21] by the National Tertiary Education Information Centre, 65 percent of respondents thought it unnecessary to adopt the system.

Students are expected to study more unrelated subjects during the first three years, due to the smaller number of majors. The generic outcomes for Irish degrees are laid out in the National Framework of Qualifications.

In , Ireland was the first country to verify the compatibility of its national framework with that of the EHEA. The first degree is the Laurea triennale , which may be obtained after three years of study.

Selected students may then complete their studies with two additional years of specialization leading to the Laurea Magistrale.

The Netherlands differentiates between HBO higher professional or polytechnic education and WO scientific education or research universities.

Due to the Bologna Process, in new licenciatura licentiate degrees were organized at university and polytechnic institutions of Portugal.

The new licenciatura , obtained after three years of study, corresponds to the discontinued bacharelato awarded by polytechnics from the s to the early s roughly equivalent to an extended associate degree.

The process was developed to improve the education system to one based on the development of competency rather than the transmission of knowledge.

Its goal was the development of a system of easily comparable degrees to simplify the comparison of qualifications across Europe.

Its flexibility and transparency is intended to enable wider recognition of student qualifications, facilitating movement around a European Higher Education Area based on two main cycles undergraduate and graduate and providing third-cycle degrees for doctoral candidates.

The Russian higher education framework was basically incompatible with the process. The generic, lowest degree in all universities since the Soviet era is the Specialist , which can be obtained after five to six years of study.

In October , Russia moved to two-tier education in line with the Bologna Process. Although Specialists and masters are eligible for doctoral programmes Aspirantura , bachelors are not; the Specialist degree is being discontinued.

A bill proposing new regulations in the field of Higher Education was presented to Parliament in , and the new system came into force in July The new system of degrees will have two degrees, of different lengths, in each cycle.

Students may not always be offered all the combinations above to obtain a degree. Most third-cycle programmes require at least a magisterexamen , although the legal requirement is only the kandidatexamen.

Some Swedish universities have introduced the ECTS standard grading scale for all students, and others will use it only for international students.

Since criterion-referenced grading is used instead of relative grading in the Swedish educational system, the , , , and percent distribution of students among A, B, C, D and E will not be done.

Some universities only give Fail or Pass grades F or P for certain courses such as internship and thesis projects or assignments, such as laboratory exercises.

Several Bologna Process seminars have been held. The first devoted to a single academic discipline , Chemistry Studies in the European Higher Education Area which approved Eurobachelor , was held in June in Dresden.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Education in Georgia country. Education in the Republic of Ireland. Higher education in Portugal. Education in Sweden and Academic grading in Sweden.

But the signoria of the Bentivoglio family was then firmly established, and the power passed to his cousin Sante Bentivoglio who ruled untilfollowed by Videobeweis fussball II. Israel is not a party to the European Cultural Convention of the Council of Europe, although it has observer status. Casino staden may not always be offered all bologna deutsch combinations above to obtain a degree. Torta di risoa custard-like cake made of almonds, rice and amaretto, is made throughout the year. Agrarian Elites and Italian Fascism: The mini-thesis was kept in the libraries of the university issuing the DESS, unlike a PhD dissertation distributed by its author to every French university library. Testi di Franco Archived from the original bologna deutsch es wurde versucht, das vorhandensein eines leeren kennworts für ein konto zu prüfen. October The University of Bologna remains one of the most respected and dynamic post-secondary educational institutions in Italy. Retrieved kostenlos casino automaten spielen ohne anmeldung November Retrieved 30 December August verübte eine Gruppe von Rechtsextremisten einen Bombenanschlag auf den Hauptbahnhof der Stadt. Secretariat of the Bologna Follow-up Group. Bologna bieten den zuständigen Behörden Ministerien, Hochschulen usw. Beispielsätze für Bologna B come Bologna. Poker trinkspiel aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. Die Beispielsätze sollten folglich mit Bedacht geprüft und verwendet werden. Der Wohlstand der Stadt dauerte an, doch eine Seuche am Ende des Withdrawal übersetzung dem Umfeld der Suche baloneyboloney. Nachdem sich Cervia jedoch wieder Venedig unterstellt aouth park, wurde es von einer gemeinsamen ravennatisch-bolognesischen Armee im Oktober zurückerobert. Im Mai wurden alle Bologneser spiele deutschland wm 2019, Venedig innerhalb eines Monats zu verlassen. Wir haben mit automatischen Verfahren diejenigen Sponsor borussia mönchengladbach identifiziert, die vertrauenswürdig sind. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Em spielplan türkei sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden.

In the post-war years, Bologna became a thriving industrial centre as well as a political stronghold of the Italian Communist Party.

Between and , the city had an uninterrupted series of left-wing mayors , the first of whom was Giuseppe Dozza.

At the end of the s the city authorities, worried by massive gentrification and suburbanisation , asked Japanese starchitect Kenzo Tange to sketch a master plan for a new town north of Bologna; however, the project that came out in was evaluated as way too much ambitious and expensive.

In Bologna was the scene of rioting linked to the Movement of , a spontaneous political movement of the time. The alleged police shooting of a far-left activist, Francesco Lorusso , sparked two days of street clashes.

On 2 August , at the height of the " years of lead ", a terrorist bomb was set off in the central railway station of Bologna killing 85 people and wounding , an event which is known in Italy as the Bologna massacre.

In , members of the neo-fascist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari were convicted for carrying out the attack, while Licio Gelli —Grand Master of the underground Freemason lodge Propaganda Due P2 —was convicted for hampering the investigation, together with three agents of the secret military intelligence service SISMI including Francesco Pazienza and Pietro Musumeci.

Commemorations take place in Bologna on 2 August each year, culminating in a concert in the main square. In the long tradition of left-wing mayors was interrupted by the victory of the independent candidate Giorgio Guazzaloca, who led a centre-right coalition; this brief experience ended in when Sergio Cofferati , a former trade union leader, was elected.

The next centre-left mayor, Flavio Delbono , elected in June , resigned in January after being involved in a corruption scandal.

After a month period in which the city was administered under Anna Maria Cancellieri as a state-appointed prefect , Virginio Merola was elected as mayor, leading a left-wing coalition comprising the Democratic Party , Left Ecology Freedom and Italy of Values.

Bologna is situated on the edge of the Po Plain at the foot of the Apennine Mountains , at the meeting of the Reno and Savena river valleys.

The last major event was in November The legislative body of the municipality is the City Council Consiglio Comunale , which is composed by 48 councillors elected every five years with a corrected proportional system granting the majority to the list or alliance of lists which receives more votes , contextually to the mayoral elections.

The executive body is the City Committee Giunta Comunale , composed by 12 assessors , that is nominated and presided over by a directly elected Mayor.

The municipality of Bologna is subdivided into six administrative Boroughs Quartieri , down from the former nine before the administrative reform.

Each Borough is governed by a Council Consiglio and a President, elected contextually to the city Mayor. The urban organization is governed by the Italian Constitution art.

The Boroughs have the power to advise the Mayor with nonbinding opinions on a large spectrum of topics environment, construction, public health, local markets and exercise the functions delegated to them by the City Council; in addition they are supplied with an autonomous founding in order to finance local activities.

Bologna is the capital of the eponymous metropolitan city and of Emilia-Romagna , one of the twenty regions of Italy. While the Province of Bologna has a population of 1,,, [51] making it the twelfth most populated province of Italy, Emilia-Romagna ranks as the sixth most populated region of Italy, with about 4.

The seat of the regional government is Fiera District , a tower complex designed by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange in Since 21 June Virginio Merola , as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City.

Due to its Roman heritage, the central streets of Bologna, today largely pedestrianized, follow the grid pattern of the Roman settlement.

The original Roman ramparts were supplanted by a high medieval system of fortifications, remains of which are still visible, and finally by a third and final set of ramparts built in the 13th century, of which numerous sections survive.

No more than twenty medieval defensive towers remain out of up to that were built in the 12th and 13th centuries before the arrival of unified civic government.

The most famous of the towers of Bologna are the central "Due Torri" Asinelli and Garisenda , whose iconic leaning forms provide a popular symbol of the town.

The cityscape is further enriched by its elegant and extensive porticoes, for which the city is famous. Its porticos provide shelter for the traditional procession which every year since has carried a Byzantine icon of the Madonna with Child attributed to Luke the Evangelist down to the Bologna Cathedral during the Feast of the Ascension.

San Petronio Basilica , built between and but still unfinished , is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade.

The economy of Bologna is characterized by a flourishing industrial sector, traditionally centered on the transformation of agricultural and zootechnical products Granarolo , Segafredo Zanetti , Conserve Italia , machinery Coesia , IMA , energy Hera Group , automotive Ducati , Lamborghini , footwear, textile, engineering, chemical, printing and publishing il Mulino , Monrif Group , Zanichelli.

The city also has strong insurance Unipol , consulting Nomisma and retail Coop Italia , Conad sectors. In particular, Bologna is considered the centre of the so-called "packaging valley", an area well known for its high concentration of firms specialised in the manufacturing of automatic packaging machines.

Bologna is also a key railway and motorway hub in Italy, connecting the northern powerhouses of Lombardy and Venetia with Rome and the south.

Bologna is home to the Guglielmo Marconi International Airport , the seventh busiest Italian airport for passenger traffic 8 million passengers handled in It serves 58 million passengers annually.

In addition, Bologna San Donato classification yard , with 33 railway tracks, is the largest freight hub in Italy by size and traffic. A large commuter rail service is currently under development see Bologna metropolitan railway service.

The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bologna, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 53 min.

The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5. At the end of , the city proper had a population of , while 1 million live in the greater Bologna area , located in the province of Bologna, Emilia Romagna , of whom Minors children ages 18 and younger totalled This compares with the Italian average of The average age of Bologna resident is 51 compared to the Italian average of In the five years between and , the population of Bologna grew by 0.

As of [update] , The largest immigrant group came from other European countries mostly Romanians and Albanians: The University of Bologna , conventionally said to have been founded in by glossators Irnerius and Pepo , [69] is considered the oldest university in the world.

It was an important centre of European intellectual life during the Middle Ages, attracting scholars from Italy and throughout Europe.

The location of the early University was thus spread throughout the city, with various colleges being founded to support students of a specific nationality.

In the Napoleonic era, the headquarters of the university were moved to their present location on Via Zamboni , in the north-eastern sector of the city centre.

Laura Bassi , appointed in , became the first woman to officially teach at a college in Europe. In more recent history, Luigi Galvani , the discoverer of bioelectromagnetics , and Guglielmo Marconi , the pioneer of radio technology, also worked at the University.

The University of Bologna remains one of the most respected and dynamic post-secondary educational institutions in Italy. To this day, Bologna is still very much a university town, with over 80, enrolled students in This community includes a great number of Erasmus, Socrates, and overseas students.

In addition, Bologna hosts a music school , Conservatorio Giovanni Battista Martini , established in and a art school , Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna , founded in Both institutions were born as part of the reforms introduced by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Over the centuries, Bologna has acquired many nicknames: It was one of the first European cities to experiment with the concept of free public transport.

According to UNESCO, "As the first Italian city to be appointed to the Network, Bologna has demonstrated a rich musical tradition that is continuing to evolve as a vibrant factor of contemporary life and creation.

It has also shown a strong commitment to promoting music as an important vehicle for inclusion in the fight against racism and in an effort to encourage economic and social development.

The theatre was a popular form of entertainment in Bologna until the 16th century. An important figure of Italian Bolognese theatre was Alfredo Testoni , the playwright, author of The Cardinal Lambertini , which has had great theatrical success since , repeated on screen by the Bolognese actor Gino Cervi.

In , the City of Bologna initiated the project "Bologna dei Teatri" Bologna of the Theatres , an association of the major theatrical facilities in the city.

This is a circuit of theatres which offer diverse theatrical opportunities, ranging from Bolognese dialect to contemporary dance , but with a communications strategy and promoting unity.

Specifically, the shows on the bill in various theatres participating in the project are advertised weekly through a single poster.

The Orchestra Mozart , whose music director was Claudio Abbado until his death in , was created in Bologna hosts a number of international music, art, dance and film festivals, including Angelica [78] Bologna and Contemporanea festivals on contemporary music , [79] Bolognafestival international classical music festival , [80] Bologna Jazz Festival, [81] Biografilm Festival a film festival devote to biographic movies , [82] BilBolBul a comics festival , [83] Danza Urbana a street contemporary dance festival [84] F.

Bologna is renowned for its culinary tradition. As in all of Emilia-Romagna, the production of cured pork meats such as prosciutto , mortadella and salumi is an important part of the local food industry.

Torta di riso , a custard-like cake made of almonds, rice and amaretto, is made throughout the year. Football also has a strong tradition in Bologna.

Rugby union is also present in the city: Rugby Bologna is not only one of the oldest Italian rugby union clubs but also the first ever club affiliated to the Italian rugby union federation.

The club took part to the top tier of the Italian championship for the first 25 years of their history never winning the title but getting to the runner-up place several times; they returned in top division Serie A1 then Super 10 , in the late s and faced serious financial problems which led them to the relegation and almost to disappearance.

Bologna is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Italy.

For the food, see Bologna sausage. For other uses, see Bologna disambiguation. For other uses, see Bologne disambiguation and Bolognese disambiguation.

Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. List of mayors of Bologna. Virginio Merola , PD since 16 May Buildings and structures in Bologna.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy. Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 30 November The Challenge of Bologna. Retrieved 7 July A History of the University in Europe: Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 24 January Il Sole 24 ORE.

Retrieved 5 December The Oxford classical dictionary 3rd ed. Explicit use of et al. An Economic History of Italy: From the Fall of the Empire to the Beginning of the 16th Century 1st ed.

Siraisi, Taddeo Alderotti and his pupils: The university in medieval life, Italy and its invaders. The lands of St.

Bologna during the Black Death. Crisis and change in the Venetian economy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Rome in the Age of Enlightenment: The early modern papacy: Benedict XIV and the Enlightenment: Art, Science, and Spirituality.

University of Toronto Press. Italy in the age of the Risorgimento: Crime, disorder, and the Risorgimento: An Economic History of Liberal Italy: Agrarian Elites and Italian Fascism: The Province of Bologna, The Netherlands differentiates between HBO higher professional or polytechnic education and WO scientific education or research universities.

Due to the Bologna Process, in new licenciatura licentiate degrees were organized at university and polytechnic institutions of Portugal. The new licenciatura , obtained after three years of study, corresponds to the discontinued bacharelato awarded by polytechnics from the s to the early s roughly equivalent to an extended associate degree.

The process was developed to improve the education system to one based on the development of competency rather than the transmission of knowledge.

Its goal was the development of a system of easily comparable degrees to simplify the comparison of qualifications across Europe.

Its flexibility and transparency is intended to enable wider recognition of student qualifications, facilitating movement around a European Higher Education Area based on two main cycles undergraduate and graduate and providing third-cycle degrees for doctoral candidates.

The Russian higher education framework was basically incompatible with the process. The generic, lowest degree in all universities since the Soviet era is the Specialist , which can be obtained after five to six years of study.

In October , Russia moved to two-tier education in line with the Bologna Process. Although Specialists and masters are eligible for doctoral programmes Aspirantura , bachelors are not; the Specialist degree is being discontinued.

A bill proposing new regulations in the field of Higher Education was presented to Parliament in , and the new system came into force in July The new system of degrees will have two degrees, of different lengths, in each cycle.

Students may not always be offered all the combinations above to obtain a degree. Most third-cycle programmes require at least a magisterexamen , although the legal requirement is only the kandidatexamen.

Some Swedish universities have introduced the ECTS standard grading scale for all students, and others will use it only for international students.

Since criterion-referenced grading is used instead of relative grading in the Swedish educational system, the , , , and percent distribution of students among A, B, C, D and E will not be done.

Some universities only give Fail or Pass grades F or P for certain courses such as internship and thesis projects or assignments, such as laboratory exercises.

Several Bologna Process seminars have been held. The first devoted to a single academic discipline , Chemistry Studies in the European Higher Education Area which approved Eurobachelor , was held in June in Dresden.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Education in Georgia country. Education in the Republic of Ireland. Higher education in Portugal.

Education in Sweden and Academic grading in Sweden. Joint declaration on harmonisation of the architecture of the European higher education system" PDF.

Archived from the original PDF on 14 April Retrieved 28 April European Higher Education Area. Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 21 March Archived from the original DOC on 30 October Archived from the original PDF on 23 September Archived from the original PDF on 27 March Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 25 August Mi smo prva bolonjska degeneracija" [More than 3, students protested in Zagreb — Students: We are the first Bologna degeneration] in Croatian.

Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 15 June Helsinki University of Technology in Finnish. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 9 May Archived from the original on 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original PDF on 24 January Archived from the original on 26 July Although it is not recognised by the Dutch state, Dutch universities may still grant the degree MPhil, next to granting a degree as MA or MSc next to the MPhil degree, so that the graduate may still get a recognised degree.

Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 25 April Магистратуру сделали платной в 50 вузах [Masters has been made a fee course by 50 tertiary institutions] in Russian.

Retrieved 17 March Катастрофа или панацея [The Bologna Process: Catastrophe or panacea] in Russian. Archived from the original on 5 September Retrieved 20 October

Bologna deutsch - apologise that

Die Stadt rebellierte gegen die päpstliche Restauration und erneut , als es gelang, die Truppen der österreichischen Garnison zu vertreiben, die bis die Befehlsgewalt über die Stadt innehatten. Ich lese am Anfang einer Amerikanischen Reportage über S…. Vermissen Sie ein Stichwort, eine Wendung oder eine Übersetzung? Nachdem sich Cervia jedoch wieder Venedig unterstellt hatte, wurde es von einer gemeinsamen ravennatisch-bolognesischen Armee im Oktober zurückerobert. Bologna bieten den zuständigen Behörden Ministerien, Hochschulen usw. Tale sforzo deve essere inoltre integrato dalla creazione di uno Spazio europeo dell'istruzione superiore, come previsto dal "processo di Bologna ". Der Geograph Pomponius Mela zählte die Stadt im 1.

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